In today's world, about 36 million people live with HIV or AIDS. Almost 6,300 people are infected with HIV every day. Although there are treatments that slow down and control the development of the virus, there is no treatment for the virus yet. Many people do not know if they are HIV carriers. According to research conducted in the United States of America, 1 million of 1 million people live unaware that 1 out of 8 people have been infected, which means they are at high risk of death as they do not undergo any treatment. In low and middle-income countries where HIV is the most prevalent, deficiency in HIV diversity creates more concern. In 2012, only 35% of the mothers of HIV-infected mothers living in these countries could be tested for HIV. On a global scale, people with HIV should be identified with greater efforts to be diagnosed and treated.
What is HIV? HIV is a virus that destroys the immune system of humans by destroying T-and-CD4 cells that fight disease. This virus replicates itself by using cells to spread in the body. When the virus destroys a lot of immune system cells, HIV turns into AIDS. AIDS is the last stage of HIV infection, the body can no longer eliminate the risk of death at this stage. Although the symptoms of the virus do not appear in the early stages of HIV infection, many people with HIV experience influenza-like symptoms in the first 2-4 weeks of infection; These symptoms include fever, sweating, sore throat, headache, fatigue, pain in the joints and muscles, pain or burning. This is called acute retrorival syndrome (ARS) or the first HIV infection.